Advantages of reciprocating compressors:

The most economical and cheapest compressor is and remains a piston compressor. This is a very simple and robust compressor that is used by many small businesses. Piston compressors are often found in small and mechanical workshops, body shops, tire companies and small manufacturing companies. Piston compressors are easy to maintain and, as already mentioned, require minimal financial outlay.
A big plus point is the insensitivity of reciprocating compressors. While screw compressors run the risk of condensation collecting in the oil when the load is low. Piston compressors are much less sensitive to low loads.

Disadvantage of reciprocating compressors:

The piston compressor can only run at approx. 50-60% load. This corresponds to a running time of 30 to 35 minutes per hour. As a result, reciprocating compressors require adequate cool-down time, otherwise they may overheat and malfunction. In short: reciprocating compressors are not intended for continuous operation. Another aspect is the volume. After all, reciprocating compressors tend to be noisy, which can be a problem for employees: indoors in close proximity.
It is also important to understand that if improperly handled, reciprocating compressors do not deliver oil-free compressed air to the consumer: inside.